Major Water Supply Projects

Major Piped Water Supply Scheme (PWSS)

Public Health Engineering Department, Government of West Bengal has been mandated to provide safe, potable, adequate quantity of Drinking water mainly to all the rural areas of the state albeit in a few municipalities being still maintained by it.

Ground water being usually easy and comparatively inexpensive in abstraction and mostly safe except in few packets is being used as the main source of drinking water in the state. Also the state being endured with plenty of rainfall (1000mm to 2500mm annually) and presence of Gangetic alluvium in the state in most parts helped in ground water as the most easily accessible resource for drinking water purpose.

However the spiraling population growth of the state since independence has put enormous pressure on this precious ground water reserve of the state and it is forecasted by experts that because of indiscriminate use of this potential resource for irrigation, industry and other purpose, the ground water reserve of the state is fast declining and the state may face water crisis By 2050. Based on the apprehension and there has been an effort to use more and more purpose Surface water as well as conservation of ground water resources by various means (I, e Rain Water harvesting/ Artificial Recharge etc.).

Since its inception, PHED has implemented/commissioned a large nos (around 1700 nos in total) of ground water based piped water supply schemes (including a few major schemes) as well as a sizeable nos of big surface water based piped water supply schemes throughout all the districts of the state, which cater to the need of safe, potable drinking water of the inhabitants of the state, the percentage coverage of rural population by commissioned schemes being around 46%.

The important and major commissioned/ongoing piped water supply schemes (both surface and ground/ sub-surface based) commissioned by PHED all over the districts has been listed below in a tabular form.